The pansies are tender biennial garden flowers that have been known in Europe since 1536. The process of cultivating it has a long history, starting first in England. In 1850, French, Belgian and German florists engaged in the selection of these beautiful garden flowers. The original forms of the present varieties, which grow 15-20 cm high and have a pleasant smell, are Viola tricolor (Wild Tricolor Pansy), Viola lutea (Wild Pansy with Yellow Flowers) and Viola altaica. The goal of the selection was the creation of strong, well-formed flowers, early and lush flowering, a small height of the flower, improving their endurance in winter and creating disease-resistant specimens. The different species that are planted today are a blessing of some 200 years of specialist effort.
The pots harmonize with the cheerful flowers
There are early and late blooming varieties, with small and strong flowers, monochrome, colorful, with "eyes" and with "rays" (fine lines instead of the eye). The color combinations of the pansies are inexhaustible. The pretty garden flowers bloom in September / October and in March / April, so you can enjoy their delicate beauty and the wonderful fragrance even until December, when the weather is favorable outside. The usual season for the pansies is spring. The specimens planted in the fall may overwinter in pots, but the peak of their flowering will break later in spring. The pansies usually have many flower buds, which bloom with all their might. From June the flowers get an unsightly appearance and must be plucked frequently. Then you have to plant the vacancy in the garden with new flowers.
Colorful pots complement the beauty of the pansies
Below you will find more information about the care of pansies
Bloom: Depending on the variety in autumn and spring.
Ancestry: Europe, Siberia, Altai, North Africa
Location: sunny to partially shaded
substratum : permeable, loamy-humic, nutritious
Planting: The purchased or even propagated specimens should be planted 10-15 cm from each other.
Irrigation: in the growth phase, do not allow the soil to dry out or allow excessive watering.
Fertilization: once every two weeks
Other: regularly cut off and remove faded flowers
Hibernation: the flowers planted in the fall overwinter without protection or covered only with pine branches. Where the climate is not favorable, the pots should be moved to a bright room where temperatures below 0 degrees do not lower.
Important: The plants should not dry out in winter. If they dry out, they should be watered moderately on warm days.
Diseases and pests: Leaf-spot disease, gray mold, true and downy mildew, aphids.
propagation: by seed in June or July. The soil should not be dry. The young specimens must hibernate at appropriate temperature conditions and in spring they should be planted in beds or pots.
Tips: The pansies look the most beautiful when they are used on larger garden areas. That's why you opt for wider pots.
The colorful watering cans are a trendy accessory in the garden
Dark-colored pansies look very stylish in metal vessels.
Various pansies, ready for implantation
Bright colors bring joy in every garden
Complement the vintage atmosphere with a bouquet of flowers in a metal vase
Wicker pots are ideal for pansies
White pansies bring an elegant tenderness into space
Red and dark blue flowers can be combined well together